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What are some interesting facts about the holy city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia?

Shad Siddiqui

Answered On : 21, Jun 2023

Ask any Muslim, and it is a dream for everyone to be able to visit the holy city of Makkah and see the exalted Kabaa with one's own eyes and pray in Masjid-al-Haram.

Planning to visit Makkah Al-Mukarramah or not? It is still interesting to know some facts about the city...Read on


Hands raised praying facing the Kaaba in al-Masjid al-Haram in Makkah al Mukarramah  

  1. In the past, the holy city of Makkah was also called Bakkah, Umm Al-Qura, and Al-Balad Al-Amin
  2. The holy city of Makkah is officially referred to as 'Makkah Al-Mukarramah'.
  3. The holy city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia is the city that embraces the Qiblah of Muslims.
  4. The visitors (Millions every year) to the holy city of Makkah stand in amazement in front of the honorable Kaaba, the qiblah of Muslims from all over the world.
  5. The holy Kabaa is in the middle of Masjid Al-Haram in the holy city of Makkah.
  6. The holy Kabaa is surrounded by thousands of worshipers all the time.
  7. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), was born (in 570 CE), in the holy city of Makkah. Prophet Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) birthday is commemorated by Muslims around the world during the month of Rabi’ Al-Awal (the third month of the Islamic lunar calendar). Mawlid an-Nabi (Arabic)– literally, The Birth of the Prophet – is often referred to as the Mawlid (Milad).
  8. The mountains of the holy city of Makkah witnessed the first revelation.
  9. The holy city of Makkah welcomes millions of Muslims every year visiting for Hajj.  
  10. The holy city of Makkah welcomes millions of Muslims every year visiting for Umrah (a pilgrimage that can be performed throughout the year except for the time of Hajj).  
  11. The holy city of Makkah is the purest spot on earth and the holiest Islamic destination in the world, and it includes historical destinations that reveal immortal stories that left their mark on Islamic history.
  12. The holy city of Makkah was also an important commercial hub for mobile trade caravans between the north and south, and an area rich in literary forums, and seasonal markets that highlighted its cultural and commercial status.
  13. The holy city of Makkah receives visitors from all over the world but entry to the Haram area is for Muslims only.
  14. The Hajj season is the most crowded season with visitors in Makkah, as the number of pilgrims per season reaches above a million.
  15. The month of Ramadan is also very crowded with a strong turnout of Umrah pilgrims, Ramadan being the most important month of worship for Muslims.
  16. You can obtain the necessary permits for Hajj or Umrah through the website of the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah, or the Nusuk platform or application.
  17. The holy city of Makkah or the holiest city in the Islamic faith has the hottest temperature in all of Saudi Arabia. During the summer, temperatures in this part of the country can go as high as 48 degrees Celsius.
  18. Makkah Al-Mukarramah has a warm, clear climate in the spring in March and April, in which you can wear light clothes, as well as in the fall season in September.
  19. In the winter season, the temperatures range between 25 and 17 degrees Celsius, It is appropriate to wear medium clothes and have an umbrella in anticipation of some rainy days.
  20. It is recommended to use an umbrella or a hat if you are going to open places in summer, to protect yourself from the sun rays, and wear light clothes, as temperatures rise from June to August.
  21. If you are visiting the holy city of Makkah from outside Saudi Arabia, you can reach it by booking one of the flights to King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah, or Taif International Airport (Jeddah is the closest city to it, as it is 72 km away from it, while Makkah is 120 km from Taif.)
  22. The port city of Jeddah is also connected to the holy city of Makkah by the high-speed Haramain Express train.
  23. Pilgrims can also reach Makkah through the Jeddah Islamic Port.
  24. The holy city of Makkah is about 453 km away from the holy city of Madinah and about 866 km away from Riyadh.


An aerial view of the hajj, with the shrine of the Kaaba framed by the gold crescent of the Makkah Clock Tower